disposal of excess spoil from coal mining and surface mining

Mine Tailings Waste Leaching Groundwater Contamination

Each year the mining industry generates tremendous quantities of solid wastes as a byproduct of the mining and concentration or preparation of valuable ores, minerals and coal. In addition, the quantities of these wastes generated on a yearly basis is increasing due to increased production resulting from rising demand, the depletion of near surface high-grade ores which makes necessary the

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Plundering Appalachia The Tragedy of Mountaintop-Removal

Mine- related employment in the Appalachian coalfields has plummeted in recent decades because of increasing mechanization, and because production has shifted from underground to surface mining—"taking the miner out of mining," as local residents say.

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Trends in Mining Fills and Associated Stream Loss in West

Trends in Mining Fills and Associated Stream Loss in West ia 1984-2012 the volume of overburden material produced by surface mining often areas, which occur within the mineral removal area, and excess spoil disposal areas, which lie outside the

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CHAPTER 69-05.2-09 PERMIT APPLICATIONS PERMIT AREA

PERMIT APPLICATIONS PERMIT AREA REQUIREMENTS FOR OPERATION AND RECLAMATION PLANS Section fill areas for the disposal of initial cut and other excess spoil under section 69-05.2-09-14 and or adjacent permit areas used to support the surface coal mining and reclamation operation. The description must include a. Location.

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Mining Flashcards Quizlet

Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act requires that the materials from excavations be removed in such a fashion that they can be replaced after the mining operations cease. underground mining large shaft are dug into the earth.

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26 WITH S. 880, Argonne National Laboratory

An additional benefit is the disposal of large 27 1 Researchers at the Bureau's Morgantown States and one that is closely related to the surface mining of coal is the reclamation of the disturbed spoil materials that remain after the mineral Coal-Mine Spoil with Fly Ash, BuMines Rept. of Inv. 7504, April 1971,

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Excess Spoil, Coal Mine Waste, and Buffers for Perennial

Justia Regulation Tracker Department Of The Interior Surface Mining Reclamation And Enforcement Office Excess Spoil, Coal Mine Waste, and Buffers for Perennial and Intermittent Streams, 75814-75885

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Improving Coal Surface Mine Reclamation in the Central

Improving Coal Surface Mine Reclamation in the Central Appalachian Region controlled on the bench produced by mining or in stable excess spoil disposal a ~.~ IMPROVING COAL SURFACE MINE

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Surface mining Wikipedia

Surface mining, including strip mining, open-pit mining and mountaintop removal mining, is a broad category of mining in which soil and rock overlying the mineral deposit (the overburden) are removed, in contrast to underground mining, in which the overlying rock is left in place, and the mineral is removed through shafts or tunnels.

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Pennsylvania Statutes Title 52 P.S. Mines and Mining

(3) The reclamation of abandoned mine lands not involving extraction of coal or excess spoil disposal under a written agreement with the property owner and approved by the department. (4) Activities not considered to be surface mining as determined by the United States Office of Surface Mining, Reclamation and Enforcement and set forth in

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Coal Mining and Processing The National Academies Press

Coal focuses on the research and development needs and priorities in the areas of coal resource and reserve assessments, coal mining and processing, transportation of coal and coal products, and coal

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CDD Landfill Mine Stabilization

Both underground and surface contour mining techniques were utilized on site to retrieve the coal and clay. Due to these former mining operations, soils characterized as cut and fill and strip mine spoil occupy various portions of the site.

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30 CFR 817.71 Disposal of excess spoil General

Provides the text of the 30 CFR 817.71 Disposal of excess spoil General requirements. (CFR).

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Stockpiles, Tailings and Spoil Contaminants in Drinking Water

Tailings are low grades of mining ore that are disposed of on the land surface and often in mining waste ponds(1). Because they are unlined, these ponds can be a source of acids or metals, which are carried in run-off or leachate.

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SHIFTING THE BOUNDARY BETWEEN THE SECTIONS 402 AND 404

Strip mining is a common method of surface mining in Appalachia for coal and in the western United States for precious metals such as gold. 123 It is characterized by clearing an area, and to environmental resources that could be affected by the size and location of excess spoil disposal

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Coal Mining and Production IFC

Coal Mining and Production Industry Description and Practices tive dust and disposal of overburden and waste rock. In underground mines, the surface disturbance is less obvious, but the extent of subsidence can (tons per 1,000 tons coal produced) Surface mining Underground mining

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Rules of Department of Natural Resources

Rules of Department of Natural Resources Division 40—Land Reclamation Commission active, inactive or abandoned surface coal mine and reclamation operation or from an or upon which topsoil, spoil, coal processing waste, underground development waste or

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Louisiana State Legislature

(1) Insure that when performing surface coal mining on steep slopes, no debris, abandoned or disabled equipment, spoil material, or waste mineral matter be placed on the downslope below the bench or mining cut Provided, that spoil material in excess of that required for the reconstruction of the approximate original contour under the

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PART 1816 PERMANENT PROGRAM PERFORMANCE STANDARDS

PART 1816 PERMANENT PROGRAM PERFORMANCE STANDARDS SURFACE MINING ACTIVITIES Section 1816.71 Disposal of Excess Spoil General Requirements; AUTHORITY Implementing and authorized by the Surface Coal Mining

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American Rivers' Dakota Resource Council' Defenders of

Among other things, this proposed rule would require that surface coal mining operations be designed to minimize the creation of excess spoil and the adverse environmental impacts of fills constructed to dispose of excess spoil and coal

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Mining Waste Treatment Technology Selection—Technology

Backfilling and subaqueous disposal technologies can be effective treatment alternatives for remediation of solid mining wastes and mining-influenced water (MIW). In its most basic form subaqueous disposal involves removal of surface material and placing it underground and under water, thus eliminating direct contact exposures.

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V. E. Surface Mine Corrections Ohio Department of

If you do not have a surface mine correction on the project, you do not have to fill out this checklist. drainage conduits and fixtures in systems and structures built to manage low quality groundwater Y N X i disposal of toxic spoil and coal refuse materials Y N X j contingency plans for disposal of hazardous waste materials unexpectedly

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ENERGY NDMINERALS DEPARTMENT

9-35 (p.73) Disposal of excess spoil from surface mining activities . 9-36 (p. 73) Di^sposaj^ ojE underground development waste. 9-36 (p74) Return of coal processing waste t abandoned wherever surface coal mining operati subject to exclusive federal authori Lands Program pursuant to the federa Reclamation Act, 30 USC 1201, et s_eg

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Mountaintop Mining Background on Current Controversies

All types of surface and underground coal mining in Appalachia generate excess spoil fills due to the increased volume of broken rock, limitations on the steepness and height to which broken rock may be placed to achieve a stable slope, and the steep topography of the region.

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ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY EPA-R03-OW-2009

(or spoil) generated by surface coal mining operations. The project as authorized will directly impact 2,278 acres, including more than seven miles of stream, and indirectly

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